The Commission on Higher Education (CHED) was created on May 18, 1994 through the passage of Republic Act No. 7722, or the Higher Education Act of 1994. CHED, an attached agency to the Office of the President for administrative purposes, is headed by a chairperson and four commissioners, each having a term of office of four years. The Commission En Banc acts as a collegial body in formulating plans, policies and strategies relating to higher education and the operation of CHED.
The creation of CHED was part of a broad agenda of reforms on the country’s education system outlined by the Congressional Commission on Education (EDCOM) in 1992. Part of the reforms was the trifocalization of the education sector into three governing bodies: the CHED for tertiary and graduate education, the Department of Education (DepEd) for basic education and the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) for technical-vocational and middle-level education.
In 1997, Republic Act (RA) No. 8292, otherwise known as the “Higher Education Modernization Act of 1997” was passed to establish a complete, adequate and integrated system of higher education. The said law also modified and made uniform the composition of the Governing Boards of chartered state universities and colleges (SUCs) nationwide in order to:(a) achieve a more coordinated and integrated system of higher education;(b) render them more effective in the formulation and implementation of policies on higher education;(c) provide for more relevant direction in their governance; and (d) ensure the enjoyment of academic freedom as guaranteed by the Constitution.
Philippine higher education system that is equitable and producing locally responsive, innovative, and globally competitive graduates and lifelong learners.
To promote equitable access and ensure quality and relevance of higher education institutions and their programs.
Given the national government’s commitment to transformational leadership that puts education as the central strategy for investing in the Filipino people, reducing poverty, and building national competitiveness and pursuant to Republic Act 7722, CHED shall:
A. Promote relevant and quality higher education (i.e. higher education institutions and programs are at par with international standards and graduates and professionals are highly competent and recognized in the international arena);
B. Ensure that quality higher education is accessible to all who seek it particularly those who may not be able to afford it;
C. Guarantee and protect academic freedom for continuing intellectual growth, advancement of learning and research, development of responsible and effective leadership, education of high level professionals, and enrichment of historical and cultural heritages; and
D. Commit to moral ascendancy that eradicates corrupt practices, institutionalizes transparency and accountability and encourages participatory governance in the Commission and the sub-sector.
QUALITY POLICY STATEMENT
We, at the Commission on Higher Education (CHED), shall lead the Philippine higher education sector to:
Cultivate an equitable and sustainable higher education landscape that produces locally responsive, innovative, globally competitive graduates, and life long learners;
Harmonize mandates to promote inclusive access to higher education, ensure sustainable quality assurance of programs, and assert relevance of institutions;
Exemplify resilience and humility in service, integrity, excellence, and development-driven mindset; and,
Demonstrate continuous improvement in our Quality Management System to achieve our vision.
POWER AND FUNCTIONS
As provided for under Section 8 of Republic Act (R.A.) No. 7722, the Commission on Higher Education shall have the following powers and functions:
Monitor and evaluate the performance of programs and institutions of higher learning for appropriate incentives as well as the imposition of sanctions such as, but not limited to, diminution or withdrawal of subsidy, recommendation on the downgrading or withdrawal of accreditation, program termination or school course;
Rationalize programs and institutions of higher learning and set standards, policies and guidelines for the creation of new ones as well as the conversion or elevation of schools to institutions of higher learning, subject to budgetary limitations and the number of institutions of higher learning in the province or region where creation, conversion or elevation is sought to be made;
Develop criteria for allocating additional resources such as research and program development grants, scholarships, and the other similar programs: Provided, that these shall not detract from the fiscal autonomy already enjoyed by colleges and universities;